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Regulations for Postulators

 

INTRODUCTION

The Church “in keeping with the serious task entrusted to it of teaching, sanctifying and governing the People of God, proposes to the faithful for their imitation, veneration and invocation men and women who are brilliant examples of charity and the other evangelical virtues and, after due investigations have been carried out, declares them, in the solemn action of canonization, to be saints” (cf. Introduction of the Apostolic Constitution Divinus perfectionis Magister of 25 January 1983). Indeed, holiness “must be placed on the candelabrum so that it can illuminate and guide the path to God of all redeemed people” (Pope Francis, Address to the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, 12 December 2019).

Through their action, postulators contribute to highlighting the examples of those baptized who have lived and witnessed the Gospel. For this reason, in carrying out their work, they must be “increasingly aware that their function requires an attitude of service to the truth and cooperation with the Holy See. They should not allow themselves to be guided by material visions and economic interests, should not seek their own personal affirmation and, above all, should avoid anything that is in contradiction with the meaning of the ecclesial work which they carry out. May the postulators never fail to be aware that the Causes of beatification and canonization are realities of a spiritual nature; not only procedural, spiritual. Therefore, they must be treated with marked evangelical sensitivity and moral rigor.” (Pope Francis, Address to the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, 12 December 2019).

In these Regulations, Postulators find a synthesis of the praxis and the particular pontifical law on the Causes of Saints, which are contained in the following documents: Code of Canon Law; Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches; Apostolic Constitution Divinus perfectionis Magister; Normae servandae in Inquisitionibus ab Episcopis faciendis in Causis Sanctorum; Apostolic Letter, given motu proprio, Maiorem hac dilectionem: De Oblatione Vitae, and Norms regarding the Administration of the Assets in Causes of Beatification and Canonization. Furthermore, the provisions of Regulations for the Medical Board and in the Instructions Sanctorum Mater and Relics in the Church: Authenticity and Preservation, as well as any other normative document issued by the Dicastery.

In these Regulations, the term Diocesan Bishop also refers to an Eparch as well as those who are equivalent to him by law. 

I. GENERAL NOTIONS

1. According to art. no. 5 of Normae servandae in Inquisitionibus ab Episcopis faciendis in Causis Sanctorum, the task of investigating the life, martyrdom, heroic virtues or offering of life, and the reputation of martyrdom or holiness or offering of life, as well as reputation of signs of a Servant of God, and the alleged miracles and cult from time immemorial of a Servant of God, belongs to the competent Bishop.

2a. The Cause of beatification and canonization of a Servant of God is initiated by the Bishop, either ex officio or at the request of the Postulator, who, approved in writing by the competent ecclesiastical authority, acts on the appointment of the Petitioner.

2b. The Petitioner of the Cause can be a Diocese, an Episcopal Conference, a Parish, an Institute of Consecrated Life, a Society of Apostolic Life, a clerical and/or lay Association, a single member of the faithful, or several co-petitioners who work in solidum.

3a. The Petitioner promotes the Cause of beatification and canonization and assumes its moral and financial responsibility.

3b. The Postulator exercises the office of juridical representative of the Petitioner of the Cause to the Dicastery and to the competent ecclesiastical authorities.

3c. Furthermore, the Postulator promotes and coordinates the useful activity for spreading the knowledge of the Servant of God and fosters his or her intercession.

4. By virtue of his or her office, the Postulator assumes a particular responsibility, both towards the Petitioner and towards the Bishop and the People of God.

5a. Any faithful Catholic of proven integrity, who has an adequate knowledge of theology, canon law, and history, as well as the practice of the Dicastery, can carry out the office of Postulator.

5b. The Postulator of the Roman phase of the Cause and possibly also for the diocesan phase must have a diploma from the Specialization School in Causes of Saints.

6a. Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Bishops, and those who hold positions in the Dicastery as Officials, Historical Consultors, Theological Consultors, and Medical Experts cannot be appointed Postulators of Causes.

6b. The Postulator is legitimately appointed by the Petitioner with an Appointment as Postulator and ratified in writing by the competent ecclesiastical authority, which in the diocesan phase is the Bishop and in the Roman phase the Dicastery.

6c. The Postulator General is appointed, both for the diocesan and Roman phases, with an Appointment as Postulator General issued by the Supreme Moderator of the Institute with the consent of his or her Council. Therefore, he or she represents the Institute before the Dicastery and the local ecclesiastical authorities for all the Causes of the same Institute and of the Institutes aggregated to it in accordance with the law. The appointment must be ratified by the Dicastery.

6d. The Postulator ad casum is appointed for the diocesan or Roman phase of the Cause with an Appointment as Postulator, issued by the Petitioner of the Cause.

6e. If a priest or a religious is appointed Postulator of a Cause which is not promoted by the Diocese in which he or she is incardinated or by the Institute of Consecrated Life to which he or she belongs, he or she must obtain the written consent of the competent Bishop or Superior respectively; if the Postulator is a layperson, he or she must show the nihil obstat issued by his or her own Bishop.

6f. After the ratification of the appointment by the competent Bishop or the Dicastery, the Postulator takes an oath before the competent ecclesiastical authority to fulfill the task faithfully and to maintain the secrecy of office, also complying with civil laws concerning the privacy of persons involved in the Cause, especially if these are minors.

7. At any time, the Postulator can renounce his or her office by giving a written notice to the Petitioner, or the Petitioner can dismiss him or her with a written notification which is also sent to the competent ecclesiastical authority.

8a. At the end of the Closing Session of the Inquiry on martyrdom, heroic virtues, offering of life and ancient cult, the Postulator ad casum forfeits his or her office.

8b. The term of office of a Postulator ends when he or she reaches the age of 80.

9. In consideration of the commitment required for each Cause of beatification and canonization, no more than thirty active Causes can be entrusted to a Postulator ad casum in the Roman phase.

10a. Simultaneously with the appointment, the Petitioner of the Cause confers on the Postulator a professional assignment with clarification of the services to be performed for the phases inherent to the appointment, the remuneration and whatever else is provided for by the civil territorial regulations in force.

10b. This office must be carried out under the supervision of the competent ecclesiastical authority and can be renewed.

10c. A copy of the conferred assignment is sent to the Dicastery and to the competent Bishop.

11a. The Postulator has the right to a fair remuneration, proportionate to the work actually performed, agreed in writing with the Petitioner of the Cause and paid by the Administrator of the fund of the assets of the same, under the supervision of the competent ecclesiastical authority according to the Norms regarding the Administration of the Assets in Causes of Beatification and Canonization.

11b. The Postulator must neither demand nor receive a salary linked to his or her appointment for each single Cause.

11c. The Postulator General must also abide by the administrative norms established by the Institute which conferred the task on him.

11d. The Postulator can also carry out his or her office free of charge.

12a. In conformity with the norms on the administration of assets, the Postulator cannot carry out the office of Administrator of the fund of the goods of the Cause; the Postulator General, on the other hand, can assume this role only for the Causes of his or her own Institute and of the Institutes attached to it according to the norm of law.

12b. Should the intervention of the Bishop or the Dicastery be necessary in administrative-financial matters concerning the Postulator of the Cause, he or she is obliged to lend his or her full cooperation, providing all information and related documentation in his or her possession.

13a. In the respective moments indicated by the Dicastery, the Postulator notifies the Administrator of the fund of the goods of the Cause so that he or she pays the foreseen contribution, verifying that it has been paid.

13b. During the Roman phase, the Dicastery usually deals with the Postulator.

13c. The Postulator must not have any contact with anyone who has been appointed by the Dicastery for the judgment of the Causes entrusted to him or her.

14a. In Dioceses, the Postulator can be replaced or assisted by one or more Vice-Postulators who are appointed by him or her with an Appointment as Vice-Postulator, with the written approval of the Petitioner of the Cause.

14b. The Vice-Postulator must have the same moral and professional qualities and the same preparation as the Postulator, as well as take an oath before the Postulator to fulfill his or her office faithfully and to maintain office secrecy.

15a. The Postulator and the Vice-Postulator are not employees of the Holy See, of central bodies of the Holy See, or of bodies directly managed by the Holy See.

15b. The Postulator and the Vice-Postulator cannot benefit from the tax scheme of art. 17 of the Lateran Treaty.

16. Whatever are established in these Regulations regarding the activity and duties of the Postulator must also be applied to the Vice-Postulator, who must always act according to the directives of the Postulator.

17. In the event of non-compliance, negligence, or abuse of office by a Postulator in the Roman phase, the Dicastery can intervene disciplinarily in accordance with the law and, after carrying out the necessary investigations, also revoke the ratification of his or her appointment.

II. DIOCESAN PHASE OF THE CAUSE

Inquiry on Martyrdom, Heroic Virtues, Offering of Life, and Ancient Cult 

18. During the diocesan phase of the Cause, it is appropriate that the Postulator or Vice-Postulator have a residence in the Diocese.

19a. The first task of the Postulator is to gather information on the life of the Servant of God, on the reputation of martyrdom, holiness, offering of life, ancient cult, and signs, as well as on the ecclesial importance of the Cause, in order to report it to the Bishop.

19b. The Postulator can carry out such research, also by collecting signed declarations, to be presented to the Bishop, so that he or she can verify the existence of an authentic reputation for initiating the Cause.

20a. In the name of the Petitioner, the Postulator presents the Libellus to the competent Bishop, asking for the initiation of the Cause.

20b. If the Cause is started thirty years after the death of the Servant of God, the Postulator sets out in detail the reasons for the delay in the Libellus, highlighting the lack of fraud or willful misconduct.

20c. The Postulator must attach to the Libellus: (1) a biography of certain historical value on the Servant of God, or a detailed report on his or her life, martyrdom, heroic virtues, offering of life, or ancient cult, as well as on the reputation of his or her martyrdom or heroic virtues or offering of life and on the reputation of signs of the Servant of God; (2) all the writings of the Servant of God, published by him or her or by others during life and after death; in the absence of published writings, the Postulator declares their non-existence in the Libellus; (3) in Recent Causes, the list of eyewitnesses, chosen among the various states of life (bishops, priests, consecrated persons and laity), who have had familiarity and relationship with the Servant of God, possibly in all phases of his or her life; (4) in Ancient Causes, the list of a dozen qualified witnesses to testify on the reputation of holiness still present or on the cult rendered to the Servant of God in more recent times; (5) in the case of a Cause for which the Decree of Confirmation of Cultus has already been published by the Apostolic See, a copy of the Decree itself.

20d. In the course of the Inquiry, the Postulator can present other texts to be questioned during the instruction of the Inquiry or even renounce the examination of texts presented, giving adequate motivation.

21. The Postulator has the moral and juridical duty to refer to the competent ecclesiastical authority all that may or may not be in favor of the Cause.

22a. If any obstacle of a certain importance emerges against the Cause, the Postulator must be informed by the competent ecclesiastical authority so that, if possible, he or she can remove it.

22b. If the Bishop decides not to initiate or to suspend the Cause, he or she must communicate it to the Postulator.

23a. The Postulator can offer the Promoter of Justice of the Inquiry useful information for the preparation of the Interrogatories.

23b. In the search for unpublished writings and documents concerning the Cause, the Postulator can help experts in historical and archival matters, who, however, are responsible for their collection and evaluation.

24a. The Postulator cannot be admitted to testify in the Inquiry during his or her term of office, nor can he or she attend the examination of witnesses, under penalty of nullity of the Sessions.

24b. If the Postulator becomes aware of an abuse or non-compliance with the law or negligence on the part of an Official of the Inquiry, he or she must inform the Bishop so that, having carried out the necessary investigations, he or she can take the measures deemed necessary.

25a. After the publication of the acts of the Inquiry, decreed by the Episcopal Delegate, the Postulator must be granted the faculty and time to examine all the acts. He or she may request further investigation with new documents and witnesses.

25b. If the Postulator considers that the evidence gathered in the Inquiry is sufficient, he or she delivers a written declaration to this effect to the Episcopal Delegate before the celebration of the Sessions for the Collatio et Auscultatio of the acts of the Inquiry.

26. The Postulator must be present during both the First Session of the Inquiry, to take an oath to faithfully fulfill his or her office and to keep the secret of office, and the Closing Session, to take an oath that he or she has faithfully fulfilled the task.

27. The Postulator can hold the office of Carrier of the acts of the Inquiry, provided that he or she has been appointed through a specific decree of the competent ecclesiastical authority. He or she takes an oath to faithfully carry out the assignment usually during the Closing  Session of the Inquiry.

Inquiry on a Miracle

28. The norms concerning the Postulator for the Inquiry on martyrdom, heroic virtues, offering of life and ancient cult are also applied to the diocesan phase of the Inquiry on a miracle.

29. In the Inquiry on a miracle, the Postulator must collect all documentary and instrumental proofs, in compliance with local civil laws regarding the privacy of persons involved, especially if these are minors.

30a. The Postulator presents the Libellus to the Bishop of the territory where the alleged miracle took place.

30b. The Postulator must attach to the Libellus: (1) a detailed chronological report of the case; (2) all documentary and instrumental proofs related to the case; (3) a list of eyewitnesses and others who can testify about what happened, in particular the attending physicians, medical-health personnel in the case of healings, or any technical experts for other cases, as well as those who have invoked the Blessed or the Servant of God.

III. ROMAN PHASE OF THE CAUSE

General Notions 

31a. During the Roman phase of the Cause, the Postulator must have a permanent residence in Rome

31b. In particular cases, the Postulator can request a dispensation from the Dicastery, which will evaluate the reasons given.

32. After the ratification of the appointment, the Postulator carries out his or her office, collaborating with the Dicastery according to the procedure.

33. The Postulator follows the iter of the Cause in the Dicastery. Therefore, he or she must address to the Prefect all requests, that is the written questions regarding the continuation of the Cause.

Causes on Martyrdom, Heroic Virtues, Offering of Life, and Ancient Cult 

34a. After the acts of the Inquiry have been delivered to the Dicastery, the Postulator ad casum forwards to the Prefect of the Dicastery the request with which he or she requests the ratification of his or her appointment, attaching the Appointment of Postulator issued by the Petitioner of the Cause, according to the model approved by the Dicastery.

34b. At the first appointment, the Postulator presents, together with the application and the Appointment as Postulator, his or her own curriculum vitae, photocopies of the academic qualifications obtained and the diploma from the Specialization School in Causes of Saints, any list of his or her publications, a copy of the professional assignment conferred by the Petitioner, referred to in no. 10a and, if necessary, the document referred to in no. 6e.

34c. Regarding the ratification of the appointment of a Postulator General by the Dicastery, together with the request, the Appointment as Postulator General is presented, issued by the Supreme Moderator of the Institute with the consent of his or her Council, according to the model approved by the Dicastery, his or her curriculum vitae, photocopies of the academic qualifications obtained and the diploma from the Specialization School in Causes of Saints, any list of his or her publications.

34d. The ratification of the appointment of Postulator is also contingent on the regularity of all the formalities required on his or her other Causes.

35. Subsequently, the Postulator forwards to the Prefect the request for opening the acts of the Inquiry indicating: (1) the name of the Servant of God with the Protocol number of the Cause; (2) the Diocese where the Inquiry was instructed; (3) the object of the Inquiry (martyrdom, heroic virtues, offering of life, or ancient cult).

36a. Once the rescript for the opening of the acts of the Inquiry has been obtained, the Postulator shows it to the appropriate office to agree on the date for the opening.

36b. The Postulator takes part in the opening of the acts, in which other interested persons may also be present.

37a. Once the acts of the Inquiry have been bound, the Postulator forwards the request to the Prefect, to ask for the study of juridical validity.

37b. Should there be any non-compliance in the Inquiry, the Postulator will have to do so on the recommendation of the Dicastery.

38a. The Postulator, having obtained the decree of validity, forwards to the Prefect the request for the appointment of the Relator, under whose guidance he or she will prepare respectively the Positio super Martyrio, super Virtutibus, super Oblatione Vitae or super Cultu ab immemorabili tempore praestito.

38b. The Postulator attached to the request: (1) a photocopy of the decree of juridic validity; (2) a biographical profile of the Servant of God, with a brief report on the ecclesial importance of the Cause and on any difficulties of the same; (3) the name of any External Collaborator and his or her curriculum vitae with the academic degrees achieved, the scientific activity carried out and the related publications, as well as a certificate on his or her willingness to work under the supervision of the Relator; (4) copy of the written agreement, approved by the Petitioner, between the Postulator and the External Collaborator for the work to be done, bearing in mind the fare structure of the Dicastery on  economic matters; (5) a rough estimate of the cost for the printing of the Positio.

39a. The Postulator, after having obtained the appointment of the Relator from the Dicastery, together with any External Collaborator, makes contact with the Relator in view of the preparation of the Positio.

39b. Before carrying out his or her office, the External Collaborator takes an oath before the Secretary of the Dicastery.

39c. During the drafting of the Positio, it is highly appropriate that the External Collaborator resides in Rome to follow the instructions of the Relator and facilitate the drafting of the Positio itself.

40a. When the draft of the Positio has been approved by the Relator and the Relator General has affixed his imprimatur, the Postulator proceeds with the printing.

40b. The Positio must be printed at a printer approved by the Dicastery.

41a. In the case of the Positio of an ancient  or a recent Cause which, in the opinion of the Relator General, with the approval of the Congress, must be submitted to the examination of the Historical Consultors of the Dicastery, the Postulator gives a copy to the Department Head, bound in gray paperback, and obtains the receipt of delivery.

41b. The Postulator delivers a copy of the Positio to the Relator General, the Relator of the Cause, and the Archives of the Dicastery, together with a photocopy of the receipt of delivery.

42. At the request of the Relator General, the Postulator delivers eight copies of the Positio for the Historical Board.

43a. When the examination of the Positio of a Cause receives a positive outcome from the Session of the Historical Consultors, the Postulator delivers the Positio, bound in red and containing the Relatio et Vota of the same Session, to the Department Head.

43b. If difficulties arise from the Session of the Historical Consultors, the Postulator must present, in writing, the appropriate clarifications, which will be attached to the votes of the Consultors themselves and bound in the Positio.

43c. If the Historical Board concludes with a negative outcome, the Relator General informs the Postulator on the procedure to be implemented as established by the Ordinary Congress of the Dicastery.

44. The Postulator delivers a copy of the Relatio et Vota of the Historical Board to the Promoter of the Faith and a copy to the Archives of the Dicastery.

45a. In the case of a recent Cause, the Postulator delivers the Positio, bound in red, to the Department Head, and obtains the receipt of delivery.

45b. The Postulator delivers a copy of the Positio, bound in red, to the Relator General and to the Relator who oversaw its preparation; in addition, he or she delivers another four copies to the Dicastery Archives, together with a photocopy of the receipt of delivery.

46. At the request of the office of the Promoter of the Faith, the Postulator delivers eleven copies of the Positio for the Particular Congress of Theological Consultors.

47a. If difficulties of particular importance emerge from the examination of the Positio, at the request of the Promotor of the Faith, the Postulator can present, in writing, the appropriate clarifications, which will be sent to the Theological Consultors before the Particular Congress of the same Consultors.

47b. If difficulties arise from the Particular Congress of Theological Consultors, the Postulator must present, in writing, the appropriate clarifications, which will be attached to the votes of the same Consultors.

47c. If the Particular Congress of Theological Consultors concludes with a negative outcome, the Promoter of the Faith informs the Postulator on the procedure to be implemented according to what is established by the Ordinary Congress of the Dicastery.

48a. The Postulator delivers a copy of the Relatio et Vota of the Particular Congress of Theological Consultors to the Secretary, the Promoter of the Faith, and the Officials who follow the Cause.

48b. The Postulator delivers three copies of the same Relatio et Vota to the Archives of the Dicastery.

49. The Postulator collects from the Dicastery a copy of the decree appointing the Ponent of the Cause.

50. At the request of the Dicastery, in view of the Ordinary Session, the Postulator delivers the necessary number of copies of the Positio and the Relatio et Vota of the Particular Congress of Theological Consultors.

51a. After the Holy Father authorizes the promulgation of the decree on martyrdom, heroic virtues, offering of life, or ancient cult, the Postulator, at the request of the Dicastery, can collaborate in the drafting of the text of the respective decree.

51b. After the promulgation of the decree, the Postulator is required to withdraw from the Dicastery all extra copies of the Positio and all copies of the decrees.

52a. The acts of the Inquiry and the Positio on martyrdom, heroic virtues, offering of life, and ancient cult remain sub secreto for up to fifty years after the end of the Inquiry itself. Any consultations by outsiders must be authorized in writing by the Dicastery.

52b. For the period after fifty years, the documentation referred to in no. 52a remains reserved. Any consultation may be allowed by those who keep them in custody, taking into account the current privacy laws.

Procedures for the Recognition of a Possible Miracle

53a. The Postulator forwards to the Prefect a request for the opening of the acts of the Inquiry.

53b. In the request, the Postulator: (1) indicates the name of the Blessed or the Servant of God and the protocol number of the Cause; (2) specify the Diocese where the Inquiry was instructed and the name and surname of the healed individual, with his or her status vitae.

54a. After obtaining the rescript for the opening the acts of the Inquiry from the Dicastery, the Postulator shows it to the appropriate office to agree on the date for the opening.

54b. The Postulator participates in the opening of the acts, in which other interested persons may also be present.

55a. Once the acts of the Inquiry have been bound, the Postulator forwards a request to the Prefect asking for the study of its juridical validity.

55b. Should there be any non-compliance in the Inquiry, the Postulator will have to take action on the recommendation of the Dicastery.

56a. The Postulator, having obtained the decree of juridical validity, prepares, in accordance with the directives of the Dicastery, the Summarium and the Chronology of the Case for the examination of the ex officio experts.

56b. Before the final printing of the Summarium, the Postulator must obtain the Visum of the Undersecretary and the Revisa, after having made any changes to the draft of the Summarium and having obtained the approval of the Chronology of the Case.

56c. The Postulator gives the Undersecretary five copies of the Summarium, printed with a typographic process.

57a. If at least one of the two experts give it an affirmative appraisal, the Postulator can request a collegial examination of the case by the Medical Board.

57b. If the two experts give it a negative appraisal, the Postulator can ask for the vote of a third official expert.

58a. The Postulator delivers to the Undersecretary twelve copies of the Summarium, printed with a typographic process, with the opinions of the official experts.

58b. The Postulator delivers two copies of the Summarium to the Archives of the Dicastery.

59a. After the positive outcome from the Medical Board, on the recommendation of the Undersecretary, the Postulator completes the Informatio of the Positio super Miro.

59b. If the outcome from the Medical Board is either negative or suspensive, the Postulator can make new arguments and request the re-examination of the case, but not more than twice.

60. Before the final printing of the Positio, the Postulator must obtain the approval of the Undersecretary.

61. Once the Positio has been printed, the Postulator delivers a copy bound in red to the Department Head, who issues a receipt of delivery.

62. The Postulator delivers a copy of the Positio to the Undersecretary and the Promoter of the Faith; in addition, he or she delivers three copies to the Archives of the Dicastery, together with a photocopy of the receipt of delivery from the Department Head.

63. At the request of the office of the Promoter of the Faith, the Postulator delivers nine copies of the Positio super Miro.

64a. Should difficulties of particular importance emerge from the examination of the Positio super Miro, at the request of the Promoter of the Faith, the Postulator may present in writing the appropriate clarifications, which will be sent to the Theological Consultors before the Particular Congress of the same Consultors.

64b. If difficulties arise from the Particular Congress of Theological Consultors, the Postulator must present, in writing, the appropriate clarifications, which will be attached to the votes of the Consultors themselves.

64c. If the Particular Congress of Theological Consultors ends with a negative outcome, the Promoter of the Faith informs the Postulator about the procedure established by the Ordinary Congress of the Dicastery.

65a. The Postulator delivers a copy of the Relatio et Vota of the Particular Congress of Theological Consultors to the Secretary, the Promoter of the Faith and the Officials who follow the Cause.

65b. The Postulator delivers to the Archives of the Dicastery three copies of the Relatio et Vota of the Particular Congress of Theological Consultors.

66. The Postulator collects from the Dicastery a copy of the decree appointing the Ponent of the Cause, unless he has already been appointed.

67. In view of the Ordinary Session of Cardinals and Bishops, at the request of the Dicastery, the Postulator delivers the necessary copies of the Positio super Miro and of the Relatio et Vota of the Particular Congress of Theological Consultors.

68a. After the authorization of the Holy Father for the promulgation of the decree on the miracle, the Postulator, at the request of the Dicastery, can collaborate in the drafting of the text of the decree.

68b. After the promulgation of the decree, the Postulator must obtain from the Dicastery all extra copies of the Positio and all copies of the decree.

69. The acts of the Inquiry into the miracle, the Summarium, and the subsequent Positio remain sub secreto for up to fifty years after the end of the Inquiry itself. Any consultations by outsiders must be authorized in writing by the Dicastery.

IV. BEATIFICATION AND CANONIZATION

Beatification

70. By means of a written request, the Postulator first contacts the Prefect of the Dicastery and then the Secretariat of State to agree on the place and date of the beatification.

71. The Postulator presents to the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments the draft of the text for the Collect of the Mass in honor of the future Blessed, the Second Reading of the Office of Readings of the Liturgy of the Hours, and the date of the liturgical memorial.

72a. At the request of the Dicastery, the Postulator collaborates in the editing of the scheme of the Apostolic Letter for the rite of beatification.

72b. The Postulator collaborates with the Liturgical Office of the Diocese to prepare the celebration of the beatification.

72c. The Postulator submits for the approval of the Dicastery the booklet for the celebration of the beatification and the text of the short biographical profile of the future Blessed, which will then be read during the ceremony.

73. The Postulator can collaborate in the drafting of the scheme of the Apostolic Brief for the Beatification, which, once issued, he or she is obliged to collect.

Canonization

74. The Postulator verifies whether the miracle presented in view of the canonization of the Blessed took place after the rite of beatification.

75a. If the miracle took place after the promulgation of the decree on the miracle required for beatification, or after the promulgation of the decree on martyrdom and before the rite of beatification, the Postulator can submit an application to the Prefect, requesting the pontifical dispensation ad cautelam from the time of the requested miracle for canonization.

75b. Before presenting the Libellus to the Bishop, asking for the instruction of the Inquiry on the miracle, the Postulator obtains from the Dicastery the decree of dispensation from the time required for the miracle.

76. After the promulgation of the decree on the miracle, attributed to the intercession of the Blessed, the Postulator, on the recommendation of the Secretary of the Dicastery, prepares the Compendium for the celebration of the Consistory for canonization.

77. At the request of the Office for Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff, the Postulator collaborates in the preparation of the celebration of the canonization.

78. The Postulator can collaborate in the preparation of the Decretal Letter for the canonization, the original of which the Postulator will collect from the Secretariat of State.

79a. Once the canonization has been celebrated, the Postulator invites the Administrator of the assets of the Cause to present to the Dicastery the account of the overall administration of the fund itself.

79b. The Postulator ensures that the Administrator of the assets of the Cause implements the provisions of the Dicastery for the extinction of the fund.

80. Once the administrative obligations have been fulfilled, the Cause ceases to exist and the Postulator, the Vice-Postulator and the Administrator of the fund of the goods of the Cause lose their office, unless they are the Postulator General of an Institute to which the saint belongs.

V. GRANT OF THE TITLE DOCTOR OF THE CHURCH

81. After being appointed by the Petitioner and ratified by the Dicastery, the Postulator contacts the designated Relator, to compose the relative “Positio super Ecclesiae Doctoratu”. Once concluded, it will be submitted to the examination of the Theological Consultors and to the Plenary Session of the Cardinals and Bishops who are members of the Congregation.

VI. RELICS AND MORTAL REMAINS

82. The Postulator must ensure that no act of public worship is rendered to the Servant of God and his or her mortal remains.

83. Regarding the canonical recognition of and any eventual activity on relics and mortal remains, the Postulator observes what is established by the Instruction Relics in the Church: Authenticity and Preservation.

84. The Postulator has the right to attend the canonical recognition of and any eventual activity regarding the relics and mortal remains.

85a. The Postulator receives from the Bishop or Episcopal Delegate the fragments, taken in the context of a legitimate canonical recognition, for the creation of relics.

85b. The Bishop, having heard the opinion of the Postulator, determines the modalities for the custody of the extracted fragments, which must be kept in a safe and locked place.

86a. The Postulator draws up and signs the certificate of authenticity of the relics.

86b. In the absence of the Postulation, the Bishop or his Delegate draws up and signs the certificate of authenticity of the relics.

The Holy Father Francis, in an Audience on 30 August 2021, authorized the Cardinal Prefect to sign and promulgate these Regulations, which will come into force from 11 October 2021.

From the Vatican, 11 October 2021.

Marcello CARDINAL Semeraro

Prefect

† Fabio Fabene

Titular Archbishop of Montefiascone

Secretary

 

 


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